Static vs. Dynamic Testing: Definitions, Differences, Business Considerations | TestFort Blog

What is static testing?

  • Dead code (code in which execution does not affect the app in any way)
  • Variables that are not used
  • Incorrect syntax
  • Variables with values that cannot be determined
  • Infinite loops (a sequence of actions that will continue endlessly unless you pull the plug).

How does static testing apply in practice?

  1. Checking the requirements for the use of scripts. Ensures that every end-user action is defined, including any inputs and outputs associated with them. The more detailed and thorough the use cases are the more precise and comprehensive the test cases can be.
  2. Functional Requirements Verification. Ensures that the applicable requirements identify every required item. It also covers database functions, interface lists, and hardware, software, and network requirements.
  3. Architecture overview. Entails every business layer process, including server locations, network diagrams, protocol definitions, load balancing, database availability, test hardware, etc.
  4. Prototype / Screen Layout Verification. This step verifies the requirements and use cases.
  5. Field Dictionary Validation. Each field in the user interface is well defined enough to generate field-level validation test cases.

Dynamic testing: definition and process

  1. Unit Testing. All modules are tested by QA engineers. This includes testing the source code by its developers.
  2. Integration testing. Individual modules are grouped and tested by engineers. The goal is to determine which modules work as expected after they are integrated.
  3. System testing. This method is performed across an entire software system by verifying that the application complies with the requirements listed in the specification.

Benefits of dynamic testing

  • Dynamic testing entails a thorough study of the entire functionality of the program. As a result, you obtain high-quality results
  • Dynamic testing is a well-structured process that checks the program from the user point of view, which, in turn, significantly improves the quality of the application
  • It allows for fixing complex bugs that could go unnoticed at the stage of code review (which is part of static testing)
  • You can automate dynamic testing

Differences between static and dynamic testing: business considerations

  • Number of active defects found
  • Percentage of fixed bugs
  • Percentage of rejected defects
  • Covered requirements
  • Automated tests running

How do I save on testing?

Should I organize testing in-house or outsource?



Head Of Business Development at QArea. I’m passionate about new technologies and how digital changes the way we do business.

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Sandra Parker

Sandra Parker

Head Of Business Development at QArea. I’m passionate about new technologies and how digital changes the way we do business.